There are eight types of eczema. Atopic dermatitis (also known as AD) is the most common type of eczema. An estimated 17.8 million Americans have AD. The exact cause of eczema is not known.
Researchers do know that a combination of genetics and environmental factors are involved. Evidence shows eczema is a genetic immunological disorder much like asthma or hay fever. People who have asthma and/or hay fever are more likely to be affected by eczema. If just one parent has eczema, hay fever, or asthma then their child has a 1 in 4 chance of also having eczema.
Another theory is the Hygiene Hypothesis. It states to develop a strong and healthy immune system it must overcome a continuous flow of challenges.
Common symptoms of eczema include:
- A rash on the cheeks, arms and/or legs
- Dry, scaly skin
Common areas of the body affected by eczema:
Common factors that make eczema worse:
- Dry skin
- Everyday irritants (laundry detergents, hand and dish soaps, shampoo and disinfectants)
- Infections (bacteria, viruses and certain types of fungi)
- Allergens (seasonal pollen, pet dander and mold)
Dermatologists recommend treating eczema with moisturizers and lotions that help protect the skin’s moisture barrier, since it’s weakened with eczema. Try our natural soaps and lotions for relief.